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Veracruz, officially known as Heroica Veracruz, is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The city is located along the coast in the central part of the state, 90km southeast of the state capital Xalapa along Federal Highway 140.It is the state's most populous city, with a population that is greater than the municipality's population, as part of the city of Veracruz extends into the neighboring Boca del Río Municipality. At the 2010 census, the city had 554,830 inhabitants, 428,323 in Veracruz Municipality and 126,507 in Boca del Río Municipality. Developed during Spanish colonization, Veracruz has been Mexico’s oldest, largest, and historically most significant port.When the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés arrived in Mexico in 1519, he founded a city here, which he named Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz, referring to the area’s gold and dedicated to the "True Cross", because he landed on the Christian holy day of Good Friday, the day of the Crucifixion. It was the first Spanish settlement on the mainland of the Americas to receive a coat-of-arms. During the colonial period, this city had the largest mercantile class and was at times wealthier than the capital of Mexico City. Its wealth attracted the raids of 17th-century pirates, against which fortifications such as Fort San Juan de Ulúa were built. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Veracruz was invaded on different occasions by France and the United States; during the 1914 Tampico Affair, US troops occupied the city for seven months. For much of the 20th century, the production of petroleum was most important for the state's economy but, in the latter 20th century and into the 21st, the port has re-emerged as the main economic engine. It has become the principal port for most of Mexico’s imports and exports, especially for the automotive industry.Veracruz is in Veracruz. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Veracruz trip itinerary using our Mexico tour itinerary planner.
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Top Veracruz tours
Veracruz Combo Tour: La Antigua, San Juan de Ulúa and Veracruz City Sightseeing BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $83
Duration: 5 hours
Veracruz Combo Tour: La Antigua, Cempoala and Quiahuiztlan Ruins BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $112
Duration: 6 hours
Xalapa, Coatepec and Xico Day Trip from Veracruz BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $150
Duration: 11 hours
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Hidden gems in Veracruz
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Recently planned trips to Veracruz
9 days in Veracruz BY A USER FROM MEXICO June, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular sights PREFERENCES: June, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 5 days in Veracruz & Merida BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular sights PREFERENCES: September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 20 days in Mexico BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES May, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular sights PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 60 days in Veracruz BY A USER FROM MEXICO May, kids, beaches, popular sights PREFERENCES: May, kids, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 15 days in Central Mexico and Gulf Coast BY A USER FROM ESTONIA June, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Veracruz BY A USER FROM MEXICO April, popular sights PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium