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San Luis de la Paz

2.3
Churches
San Luis de la Paz, and its surrounding municipality of the same name, is a city located in the northeastern part of the state of Guanajuato in Mexico. A charming city with great historic and cultural wealth, was founded on August 25, 1552, as a defensive town on the Spanish Silver Road, which linked the Zacatecas mines with Mexico City during the Spanish domination. It owes its name to the peace treaty between Otomi Indians, who were Spaniard allies, and the native Chichimecas, on the day of Saint Louis of France, August 25. The Chichimeca Nation, as it is also known, is an attractive tourist centre.Population dataThe municipality lies adjacent to the southern border of the state of San Luis Potosi. The city serves as the seat of the municipality. At the Mexican census of 2009, the city had a population of 109,000 inhabitants. The municipality has an area of 2,030.14 km² (783.84 sq mi). Its largest other community is the town of Misión de Chichimecas..HistoryBefore the Spanish conquest, its territory was inhabited by Chichimeca Indians, fearless nomad warriors who were never completely militarily defeated by the European intruders. It was home to the first Jesuit mission in Mexico, under whose administration it became a thriving mining, agricultural, and cattle raising centre during Colonial times. Its mining support services reached their height during the Mineral de Pozos bonanza at the end of the 19th century. During the first half of the 20th Century it suffered from the instability of the Mexican Revolution and Cristero War. In the 1970s and 1980s, the economy was reactivated due to a new agricultural boom. At present, however, San Luis de la Paz is undergoing a recession and is seeking ways to diversify its economy.
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