Square of the Three Cultures, Mexico City

The Plaza de las Tres Culturas ("Square of the Three Cultures") is the main square within the Tlatelolco neighborhood of Mexico City. The name "Three Cultures" is in recognition of the three periods of Mexican history reflected by buildings in the plaza: pre-Columbian, Spanish colonial, and the independent nation. The plaza, designed by Mexican architect and urbanist Mario Pani, was completed in 1966.

The square contains the archaeological site of the city-state of Tlatelolco and is flanked by the oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas called the College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco (built in 1536 by friar Juan de Torquemada) and by a massive housing complex built in 1964.

The former headquarters of the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs (foreign ministry) also stands on the southern edge of the square. This headquarters now houses a memorial museum called "Memorial 68", opened by UNAM in October 2007, to remember the 1968 Mexican student demonstrations and the Tlatelolco Massacre victims and survivors. On the south side of the Plaza stands a large stone memorial erected on October 2, 1993, the 25th anniversary of the massacre, in memory of the hundreds killed.
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Square of the Three Cultures Reviews

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269 reviews
Google
4.5
TripAdvisor
  • Interesting site as you have architectural remain from 3 different times and cultures. It is unique, lots of history  more »
  • This is one of the most emblematic main squares in Mexico City. It has the three cultures: Prehispanic, Colonial, and modern Mexico. The archeological site is really nice, but the most amazing thing.....  more »
Google
  • We took a tour here as part of a small group. There is a lot of sad history here. I always wanted to come here for myself to soak it all in. It's beautiful all around with the ruins, the cathedral, and the plaza.
  • very cool site showing 3 mexican eras. the pre-columbian, the conquest, and the modern era. definitely travel with a guide who will explain the history behind what you'll see.

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25 days in South America, Mexico & Central America BY A USER FROM ROMANIA September, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, wildlife, fast-paced, hidden gems Preferences: September, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, wildlife Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced 46 days in Mexico BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, wildlife, extra fast, hidden gems Preferences: April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, wildlife Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Extra fast 44 days in Asia, Canada, Mexico, South America & Caribbean BY A USER FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES June, culture, outdoors, historic sites, hidden gems Preferences: June, culture, outdoors, historic sites Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Medium 48 days in Mexico BY A USER FROM AUSTRIA April, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife, slow & easy, hidden gems Preferences: April, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Slow & easy 58 days in Mexico, Caribbean, Central America & South America BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA January, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, fast-paced, hidden gems Preferences: January, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced 25 days in Mexico BY A USER FROM COLOMBIA December, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems Preferences: December, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Medium
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