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Tombs of El kab, Edfu

#40 of 59 in Historic Sites in Nile River Valley
Ruin · Hidden Gem · Tourist Spot
El Kab is an Upper Egyptian site on the east bank of the Nile at the mouth of the Wadi Hillal about south of Luxor . El Kab was called Nekheb in the Egyptian language, a name that refers to Nekhbet, the goddess depicted as a white vulture.
El Kab consists of prehistoric and ancient Egyptian settlements, rock-cut tombs of the early Eighteenth Dynasty, remains of temples dating from the Early Dynastic period to the Ptolemaic Kingdom, as well as part of the walls of a Coptic monastery. This site was first scientifically excavated by James Quibell at the end of the nineteenth century, but other archaeologists have spent time at this site include Frederick William Green, Archibald Henry Sayce, Joseph John Tylor, and Somers Clarke. However, Belgian archaeologists took over the project in 1937, and it has remained in their hands since then. Much of the research done at this site took place within the town enclosure of El-Kab. However, since the 1980s the work has shifted more to the north and north east of the town.
El-Kab is in Upper Egypt, located on the east side of the Nile River, almost to the opposite of Hierakonpolis and about fifty miles above Thebes. With the way the river meandered and eroded the rocks and sand, the Nile River is almost level with the town, but according to Clarke Somers in his journal article “El-Kab and the Great Wall,” “in its early youth the town must have stood well above the flood waters.” The site could be described as a bay between sandstone cliffs to the north and south, and this same sandstone was used to build the temples found in this site.
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  • Our felucca moored and we walked through the fields to this site ; before you cross the railroad you will see the imposing remnants of the citywalls of Nekheb and then on the other side is the site...  more »
  • The site of el-Kab is a bit off the beaten track - it makes a very long (but rewarding) day trip in a taxi from Luxor (I combined it with Tod, Moalla and Esna), and it would be quite a slog from...  more »
  • One of the least known places in Egypt

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